India’s first Cardiologist : Dr. Sunil Chandra Bose

Dr Sunil Chandra Bose
Dr Sunil Chandra Bose

Most of the us in India, as well as Bengalis haven’t heard the name of Dr. Sunil Chandra Bose. In this article I bring to you, a rare known fact which every Indians must know. Even most of the youths of India haven’t heard his name. Today, let us remember India’s first cardiologist, Dr. Sunil Chandra Bose.

Dr. Sunil Chandra Bose (1894-1953) M.B.B.S., D.T.M. , M.R.C.P. was India’s first cardiologist and an emiment physician and founder of the Cardiological Society of Bengal. He also brought the first E. C. G machine to India.

Early life of Dr. S. C Bose

He was the fifth son of Janakinath Bose and Prabhabati Devi and elder brother of Subhas Chandra Bose. He was born in Cuttack and studied at Ravenshaw Collegiate school where he passed his entrance examination in 1909 securing first rank from Orissa division. Then he came to Calcutta and passed Intermediate Examination in Science in the year 1911 from Presidency College with a rank of 7 . He went onto to study at the Calcutta Medical College. In the year 1914 obtained the Rakhal Das memorial award for 1st place with honours in Materia Medica and was awarded the Gold Medal in Pharmacology. He passed his final MBBS exam in 1918 and stood first in surgery. In 1920 he travelled to London for further studies and passed D.T.M (London) and MRCP (London) in 1921. He worked as an assistant to the eminent cardiologist of London & King’s physician Sir Thomas Lewis at the University College and Hospital. In 1922 he returned to Calcutta to work at the Medical College Hospital but subsequently returned to London to work with Sir Thomas Lewis again in London. He was awarded Rashbehari Ghosh Travelling Fellowship in 1925.

Career of Dr. S. C Bose

In 1926 Dr. S. C Bose returned from England with the first ECG machine to India. Dr. S.C. Bose had many eminent personalities as his patients primarily being his brother Subhas Chandra Bose. He treated Netaji in Mandalay Jail in Burma in 1926 when he was being suspected of suffering from TB ( Tuberculosis ). In 1927 he again treated him in Rangoon Central Jail and suggested recuperating in Europe. Then Subhas went to Dalhousie. In 1931 he attended Rabindranath Tagore in Calcutta. In October 1937 he attended Mahatma Gandhi who had suffered from a heart attack and took his ECG. In November he accompanied Gandhi and his second brother Sarat Bose to Hijli jail. In 1938 he was part of made Chairman of the Selection committee to India’s medical mission to China. He attended to his brother Subhas in the Haripura Congress and Tripuri Congress sessions in the years 1938 and 1939 and to Mahatma Gandhi in 1945 during his fast in Sodepur. In 1946 Dr. Bose founded the ‘Cardiological Society of Bengal’ of which he was the 2nd President, the 1st President being Dr. B.C.Roy. In 1948 he became President, Cardiology division of Indian Medical Congress in Bombay. He also treated Nandalal Bose ( a great artist ) in 1948 in Calcutta and attended to Dr. M.N.Roy ( a revolutionary of Bengal ) in Mussoorie in 1953.

Dr. S.C.Bose passed away on November 17,1953 in Calcutta.

Submitted By : Dyutimay Banerjee